1997 Heparin low molecular weight heparin and physical methods for preventing deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism following surgery for hip fractures Cochrane Review (Visit this link)
Prophylaxis using heparin and low molecular weight heparin
Heparins and some mechanical pumping devices may help prevent blood clots forming in the legs after surgery for hip fracture
Patients with hip fracture may develop blood clots (thrombosis) in their legs. Some of these blood clots may travel to the lungs and cause a blockage (embolism), which can be fatal. Various drugs and physical devices are sometimes used to try and prevent these complications. This review of randomised trials found that both heparins and mechanical pumping devices significantly decrease the incidence of deep vein thrombosis. There was not enough evidence to conclude about the effect on lung (pulmonary) embolism, mortality or possible side effects for either heparin or mechanical methods.
Handoll HHG, Farrar MJ, McBirnie J, Tytherleigh-Strong G, Milne AA, Gillespie WJ Last assessed as up-to-date: June 23. 2002
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Added: Mon Feb 04 2002
Last Modified: Tue May 31 2011