- Acquired Foot Deformities (32)
- Acquired Foot Deformities
MeSH Search Term "Foot Deformities, Acquired"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code M21 Other acquired deformities of limbs
SNOMED-CT Term Acquired deformity of ankle AND/OR foot (disorder) Concept ID: 88562000
- Congenital Foot Deformities (104)
- Congenital Foot Deformities. Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot occurring at or before birth.
MeSH Search Term "Foot Deformities, Congenital"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code Q66 Congenital deformities of feet
SNOMED-CT Term Congenital deformity of foot (disorder) Concept ID: 302297009
- Equinus Deformity (8)
- Equinus Deformity; plantar declination of the foot aka Equinus Contracture, Talipes Equinus.
MeSH Search Term "Equinus Deformity"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code M21.3 Wrist or foot drop (acquired)
SNOMED-CT Term Acquired equinus deformity of foot (disorder) Concept ID: 37718006
Synonyms - Acquired equinus deformity of foot
Acquired equinus deformity of foot (disorder)
Acquired equinus foot deformity
Acquired plantarflexion deformity of foot
- Flatfoot (20)
- Flatfoot. A condition in which one or more of the arches of the foot have flattened out.
MeSH Search Term "Flatfoot"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code Q66.5 Congenital pes planus Also M21.4 Flat foot [pes planus] (acquired)
Pes planus (disorder) Concept ID: 53226007
Synonyms - Acquired pes planus
Acquired talipes planus
Low medial arch of foot
Pes planus (disorder)
- Hallux Valgus (25)
- Internet resources relating to Hallux Valgus, Bunion.
MeSH Search Term "Hallux Valgus"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code M20.1 Hallux valgus (acquired)
Hallux valgus (disorder) Concept ID: 122480009
Synonyms - Hallux valgus
HAV - Hallux abductovalgus
HV - Hallux valgus
Hallux valgus (disorder)
- Hallux Varus (8)
- Hallux Varus. Displacement of the great toe (Hallux) towards the midline or away from the other TOES. It can be congenital or acquired.
MeSH Search Term "Hallux Varus"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code M20.3 Other deformity of hallux (acquired)
SNOMED-CT Term Acquired hallux varus (disorder) Concept ID: 16123003
- Pes Cavus (14)
- Pes Cavus. Foot deformity characterized by high arches.
MeSH Search Term "Foot Deformities"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code Q66.7 Pes cavus
SNOMED-CT Term Pes cavus (finding) Concept ID: 249802001
Synonyms - Pes cavus
Cavus deformity of foot
Pes cavus (finding)
The Hyperbook is an evidence-based resource for education in foot and ankle surgery. It’s mainly aimed at UK orthopaedic trainees, although other professionals and the public have told us they find it helpful.
Our main goals are:
* to provide reference material for orthopaedic and other trainees in foot and ankle surgery
* to explain principles and concepts clearly
* to make it clear why we say what we do
* to promote evidence-based practice
(Successor to Blackburn Hyperbook)
Synonyms and related keywords: toe deformities, hard corns, heloma durum, helomata durum, soft corns, heloma molles, helomata molle, ainhum, hammertoes, hammer toes, claw toes, overlapping toes, underlapping toes, curly toes, congenital varus toes, cock-up toes, little toe, small toes, kissing corns, epidermal hyperkeratosis, Ruiz-Mora procedure, syndactylization, arthroplasty, Z-plasty, flail toe, dorsiflexion contracture, plantarflexion contracture, capsulotomy, DuVries procedure, skin plasty, pinky toe pain, pinky toe deformity, toe pain
The forefoot can develop several deformities that can cause pain, functional problems, and deformities of other toes. Thick calluses form over points where the deformed area presses into the shoe, and they can ulcerate and become infected in severe cases.
Stephen C. Hunter, M.D.
Rotational and angular problems are two types of lower extremity abnormalities common in children. Rotational problems include intoeing and out-toeing. Intoeing is caused by one of three types of deformity: metatarsus adductus, internal tibial torsion, and increased femoral anteversion. Out-toeing is less common than intoeing, and its causes are similar but opposite to those of intoeing. These include femoral retroversion and external tibial torsion. Angular problems include bowlegs and knock-knees. An accurate diagnosis can be made with careful history and physical examination, which includes torsional profile (a four-component composite of measurements of the lower extremities). Charts of normal values and values with two standard deviations for each component of the torsional profile are available. In most cases, the abnormality improves with time. A careful physical examination, explanation of the natural history, and serial measurements are usually reassuring to the parents. Treatment is usually conservative. Special shoes, cast, or braces are rarely beneficial and have no proven efficacy. Surgery is reserved for older children with deformity from three to four standard deviations from the normal.
PAMELA SASS, M.D., and GHINWA HASSAN, M.D Am Fam Physician 2003;68:461-8.
Various painful toe conditions and treatments.
Curled toes, overlapping & underlapping toes, mallet toe, hammertoe