My Orthopaedic Surgeon > OCOSH Classification > Orthopaedic Procedures

Orthopaedic Procedures (Subscribe)


Amputation (21)
Internet Resources relating to Amputation, the removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body.
MeSH Search Term "Amputation"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Amputation (procedure) Concept ID: 81723002
Approaches (31)
Internet resources relating to orthopaedic surgical approaches
MeSH Search Term "Orthopedic Procedures"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Surgical approach (attribute) Concept ID: 424876005
Arthrodesis (98)
Internet resources relating to Arthrodesis, the surgical fixation of a joint by a procedure designed to accomplish fusion of the joint surfaces by promoting the proliferation of bone cells.
MeSH Search Term "Arthrodesis"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Arthrodesis (procedure) Concept ID: 19578002
Synonyms - Joint fusion
Arthroplasty (247)
Internet resources relating to Arthroplasty
MeSH Search Term "Arthroplasty"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Operation on joint arthroplasty (procedure) Concept ID: 239527000
Arthroscopy (44)
Internet resources relating to Arthroscopy and orthopaedic endoscopic surgery
MeSH Search Term ""[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Arthroscopy (procedure) Concept ID: 13714004
Arthrotomy (4)
Internet resources relating to arthrotomy
MeSH Search Term "Orthopedic Procedures"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Arthrotomy (procedure) Concept ID: 302495003
Synonyms - Joint incision
Incision of joint structures
Biopsy (15)
Internet resources relating to biopsy of orthopaedic conditions. Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
MeSH Search Term "Biopsy"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Biopsy (procedure) Concept ID: 86273004
Bone Lengthening (6)
Internet resources relating to Bone Lengthening; increase in the longest dimension of a bone to correct anatomical deficiencies, congenital, traumatic, or as a result of disease.
MeSH Search Term "Bone Lengthening"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Bone lengthening (procedure) Concept ID: 288057006
Bone Transplantation (9)
Internet resources relating to Bone Transplantation, Bone Grafting & Bone Graft Substitutes. The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.
MeSH Search Term "Bone Transplantation"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Bone graft (procedure) Concept ID: 80983001
Synonyms - Transplantation of bone
Complications (44)
Internet Resources relating to the prevention, diagnosis, and management of complications of orthopaedic procedures (operations, injections, investigations)
MeSH Search Term "Wounds and Injuries"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code T81 Complications of procedures, not elsewhere classified
SNOMED-CT Term Complication of procedure (disorder) Concept ID: 116224001
Deformity Correction (4)
Internet resources relating to deformity correction
MeSH Search Term "Osteotomy"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Osteotomy for correction of bony deformity (procedure) Concept ID: 239304007
Diskectomy (4)
Internet resources relating to discectomy
MeSH Search Term "Diskectomy"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Discectomy for intervertebral herniated disc, nucleus pulposus (procedure) Concept ID: 89355001
Dislocation Reduction (12)
Internet resources relating to techniques, outcomes and complications of reduction of dislocations.
MeSH Search Term "Dislocations/Surgery""[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Reduction of dislocation (procedure) Concept ID: 122944000
Fracture Fixation (31)
Internet resources relating to Fracture Fixation. Includes casting and the use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.
MeSH Search Term "Fracture Fixation"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Fixation of fracture (procedure) Concept ID: 239279000
Fracture Reduction (9)
Internet resources relating to techniques of reduction for fractures
MeSH Search Term "Fractures, Bone/Surgery"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Reduction of fracture (procedure) Concept ID: 122859005
Hardware Removal (10)
Internet resources relating to Hardware Removal. Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.
MeSH Search Term "Device Removal"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code Z47.0 Follow-up care involving removal of fracture plate and other internal fixation device
SNOMED-CT Term Orthopedic device removal (procedure) Concept ID: 288162005
Hyperbaric Oxygenation (1)
Internet resources relating to hyperbaric oxygen treatment HBO for orthopaedic conditions
MeSH Search Term "Hyperbaric Oxygenation"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (procedure) Concept ID: 18678000
Synonyms - Hyperbaric oxygen therapy
Hyperbaric oxygenation
HOT - Hyperbaric oxygen therapy
Injection (27)
Internet resources relating to injection and arthrocentesis for orthopaedic conditions
MeSH Search Term "Injections"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Injection (procedure) Concept ID: 59108006
See also 14766002 Aspiration (procedure)
90131007 Arthrocentesis (procedure)
Irrigation (5)
Internet Resources relating to irrigation - The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.
MeSH Search Term "Therapeutic Irrigation"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Irrigation (procedure) Concept ID: 67889009
Laminectomy (1)
Internet resources relating to Laminectomy. A surgical procedure that entails removing all (laminectomy) or part (laminotomy) of selected vertebral lamina to relieve pressure on the Spinal Cord and/or Spinal Nerve Roots.
MeSH Search Term "Laminectomy"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Laminectomy (procedure) Concept ID: 387731002
Ligament Reconstruction (18)
Internet Resources relating to ligament reconstruction
MeSH Search Term "Ligaments, Articular/Surgery"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Ligament reconstruction (procedure) Concept ID: 239430005
Limb Salvage (2)
Internet resources relating to Limb Salvage; an alternative to amputation in patients with neoplasms, ischemia, fractures, and other limb-threatening conditions.
MeSH Search Term "Limb Salvage"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Reconstructive orthopedic procedure (procedure) Concept ID: 63968000
Synonyms - Reconstructive orthopedic procedure
Reconstructive orthopaedic procedure
Musculoskeletal system reconstruction
Nerve Repair (5)
Internet resources relating to Nerve Repair
MeSH Search Term "Peripheral Nerves/Surgery"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Repair of nerve (procedure) Concept ID: 69949008
Synonyms - Neuroplasty
Repair of nerve
Nerve repair
Nerve Transfer (2)
Internet resources relating to Nerve Transfer. Surgical reinnervation of a denervated peripheral target using a healthy donor nerve and/or its proximal stump.
MeSH Search Term "Nerve Transfer"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Transplantation of nerve (procedure) Concept ID: 55896007
Neurolysis (4)
Internet resources relating to neurolysis, nerve decompression, transposition and release
MeSH Search Term "Peripheral Nerves/Surgery"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Neurolysis (procedure) Concept ID: 84303004
Osteotomy (13)
Internet resources relating to osteotomies; the surgical cutting of a bone or bones.
MeSH Search Term "Osteotomy"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Osteotomy (procedure) Concept ID: 150062003
Pain Control (9)
Internet resources relating to procedures and techniques for pain control
MeSH Search Term "Pain/Therapy"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Pain control (procedure) Concept ID: 225782006
Synonyms - Controlling pain
Relieving pain
Giving pain relief
Releases (1)
Internet resources relating to release operations. A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part.
MeSH Search Term "Decompression, Surgical"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Release (procedure) Concept ID: 115956009
Replantation (7)
Internet reources relating to Replantation, free flaps, composite tissue transfer, microvascular surgery
MeSH Search Term "Replantation"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Reattachment of extremity (procedure) Concept ID: 29119006
Shoulder Surgery (26)
Internet Resources relating to Shoulder surgery
MeSH Search Term "Shoulder/surgery"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Procedure on shoulder (procedure) Concept ID: 118703003
Skin Coverage (15)
Internet Resources relating to skin coverage and closure
MeSH Search Term "Wound Healing"[mesh]
See also Surgical Flaps D013524
Skin Transplantation D016038
Soft Tissue Injuries/Surgery D017695
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Integumentary system closure (procedure) Concept ID: 119826007
Spine Surgery (21)
Internet resources relating to Spine Surgery
MeSH Search Term "Spine/surgery"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Operative procedure on spinal structure (procedure) Concept ID: 392236004
Synonyms - Operative procedure on spinal structures
Spinal operation
Operative procedure on vertebral column
Operative procedure on spine
Splinting (9)
Internet resources relating to splinting
MeSH Search Term "splints/utilization"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Application of splint (procedure) Concept ID: 79321009
Surgical Anatomy (13)
Internet resources relating to surgical anatomy. The anatomical study of specific regions or parts of organisms, emphasizing the relationship between the various structures (e.g. muscles, nerves, skeletal, cardiovascular, etc.) for the specific purpose of planning or learning safe surgical techniques.
MeSH Search Term "Anatomy, Regional"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Normal anatomy (body structure) Concept ID: 361083003
Synonyms -
Synovectomy (2)
Internet resources relating to synovectomy
MeSH Search Term "Synovial Membrane/surgery"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Synovectomy (procedure) Concept ID: 388990007
Synonyms - Synovectomy
Joint synovectomy
Tendon Transfer (7)
Internet resources relating to Tendon Transfer. Surgical procedure by which a tendon is incised at its insertion and placed at an anatomical site distant from the original insertion. The tendon remains attached at the point of origin and takes over the function of a muscle inactivated by trauma or disease.
MeSH Search Term "Tendon Transfer"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Transfer of tendon (procedure) Concept ID: 264983002
Synonyms - Transposition of tendon
Rerouting of tendon
Transfer of tendon (procedure)
Tendon transfer
Tenodesis (5)
Internet resources relating to Tenodesis and Tendon Repair. Fixation of the end of a tendon to a bone, often by suturing.
MeSH Search Term "Tenodesis"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Fixation of tendon (procedure) Concept ID: 42300004
Synonyms - Tenodesis
Tenolysis (2)
Internet resources relating to tenolysis
MeSH Search Term "Tendons/surgery"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Lysis of adhesions of tendon (procedure) Concept ID: 44322007
Synonyms - Tendolysis
Lysis of adhesions of tendon (procedure)
Freeing of tendon
Traction (5)
Internet resources relating to Traction. The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes.
MeSH Search Term "Traction"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Traction (procedure) Concept ID: 66391000
Vertebroplasty Kyphoplasty (13)
Internet Resources relating to Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. Procedures to repair or stabilize vertebral fractures, especially compression fractures by injecting bone cement into the fractured vertebrae.
MeSH Search Term "Vertebroplasty"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code n/a
SNOMED-CT Term Vertebroplasty (procedure) Concept ID: 401226007


A Surgical Safety Checklist to Reduce Morbidity and Mortality in a Global Population

The authors performed a before/after study in 8 hospitals located in 8 countries. They collected morbidity and mortality data on 3733 patients before and an additional 3995 patients after introduction of a World Health Organization-approved surgical checklist that included items such as patient identification, preoperative preparation for blood loss, surgical site marking, use of a pulse oximeter, prophylactic antibiotic administration, etc. After introduction of the checklist, overall complication rate dropped from 11% to 7% and the mortality rate dropped from 1.5% to 0.8%. In addition, significant reductions were observed in surgical site infection and unplanned returns to the operating room.
Haynes AB, Weiser TG, Berry WR, et al N Engl J Med. 2009;360:491-499

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Key Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery

hemiarthroplasty, preoperative preparation, osteotomy, operative technique, fasciotomy, internal fixation, arthroscopy, skin incision, tibial, radial head, acromioplasty, fifth metatarsal, arthroscopic, external fixation, arthroplasty,

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Massage, Traction, and Manipulation eMedicine PMR

Various forms of massage, traction, and manipulation have been used in medicine throughout the world for several thousand years. Each modality represents an approach to treatment of the musculoskeletal and other systems sought by a steadily increasing number of people. While research on each of these modalities continues, a long-standing variable exists that unites them all—the concept of touch. In the 1940s, Rene Spitz reported on infants in foundling homes who, although otherwise healthy and well cared for, failed to thrive and often died in the absence of being held or touched. Kunz and Krieger additionally defined and taught the principles behind the related concepts of healing touch and therapeutic touch in the 1970s. Although no consensus exists on the complete physiology of massage, traction, or manipulation, these treatment approaches are generally accepted as more than just the interaction of mechanical forces and human anatomy. Touch has a long history of being a natural, essential component of healing and health maintenance.
Synonyms and related keywords: massage, traction, manipulation, healing touch, Eastern massage, Western massage, therapeutic manipulation, soft-tissue manual therapy, effleurage, petrissage, tapotement, deep friction massage, percussion message, deep pressure, Shiatsu, acupressure, reflexology, auriculotherapy
Wieting & Cugalj 2007

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Metallic Alloys eMedicine Orthopedics

Metal has been used extensively in the manufacturing of orthopedic implants in a multitude of different forms. Multiple different materials throughout history have been tested as replacements for bone. Materials as diverse as ivory, wood, rubber, acrylic, and Bakelite have been used in the manufacture of prosthetic implants.
The extensive use in modern times of metallic alloys is related to the availability and success at the beginning of the 20th century of several different alloys made of the noble metals. Implants made from iron, cobalt, chromium, titanium, and tantalum are commonly used. Clinical studies have demonstrated that alloys made from these metals can be used safely and effectively in the manufacturing of orthopedic implants that are left in vivo for extended periods. The mechanical, biologic, and physical properties of these materials play significant roles in the longevity of these implants.
Corces & Garcia 2007

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Musculoskeletal Procedures eMedicine

Links to articles in the list of musculoskeletal procedures prepared by eMedicine. Many of these procedure have already been added to OWL but new titles may be added.

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Operative principles in orthopaedics - bony operations

When operations are planned on the bony skeleton, the following broad categories of operations are available. Factors such as age and physical fitness are important in making the choice regarding the most appropriate procedure
* Osteotomies
* Arthrodesis
* Excision arthroplasty
* Joint replacement

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Superficial Heat and Cold eMedicine PMR

In contrast to deep heating modalities, superficial heating modalities usually do not heat deep tissues, including muscles, because the subcutaneous layer of fat beneath the skin surface acts as a thermal insulator and inhibits heat transfer. Additionally, increased cutaneous blood flow from superficial heating causes a cooling reaction as it removes the heat that is applied externally. In general, the transfer of heat (whether the purpose is heating or cooling) often is classified into 3 general types of heat transfer (ie, conduction, convection, conversion).
Synonyms and related keywords: superficial heat, superficial cold, ice packs, paraffin baths, cryotherapy, Fluidotherapy, hydrotherapy, moist air therapy, radiant heat therapy
Milton J Klein, DO, MBA 2006

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The HELP Guide For Community Based Rehabilitation Workers

A Training Manual
A training manual for South Africa that grew out of Marian Loveday's work as the only physiotherapist working in a community of about 300,000 people. Given the overwhelming needs in this community, she determined her task to be passing on basic rehabilitation skills to people of the community. She defined the community she was working with as the community of disabled people, which included disabled adults and the mothers of disabled children. In each area in which she planned to work, a meeting was held with this community of disabled people. They chose from amongst themselves a person who would receive training and then work as a rehabilitation worker in that area. Marian Loveday 248 pages, 8.5" x 11", Full-Color, English, 2006. Originally published by SACLA Health Project, 1990.

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Therapeutic Exercise eMedicine PMR

DeLateur defined therapeutic exercise as the prescription of bodily movement to correct an impairment, improve musculoskeletal function, or maintain a state of well-being.1 It may vary from highly selected activities restricted to specific muscles or parts of the body, to general and vigorous activities that can return a convalescing patient to the peak of physical condition.
Synonyms and related keywords: therapeutic exercise, enable ambulation, release contracted muscles, release contracted tendons, release contracted fascia, mobilize joints, improve circulation, improve respiratory capacity, improve coordination, reduce rigidity, improve balance, promote relaxation, improve muscle strength, maximal voluntary contractile force, MVC, improve exercise performance, improve functional capacity, improve endurance
Lieberman, Bockenek & Stendig-Lindberg 2007

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Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation eMedicine PMR

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) currently is one of the most commonly used forms of electroanalgesia. Hundreds of clinical reports exist concerning the use of TENS for various types of conditions such as low back pain (LBP), myofascial and arthritic pain, sympathetically mediated pain, bladder incontinence, neurogenic pain, visceral pain, and postsurgical pain. Because many of these studies were uncontrolled, there has been ongoing debate about the degree to which TENS is more effective than placebo in reducing pain.
Kaye & Brandstater 2007

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