Anatomy (Subscribe)

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Musculoskeletal Atlas of the Human Body popular

Over 70 large clearly labeled basic diagrams of the upper and lower extremities. Each component (as hand, foot, ankle) has several images depicting various muscle layers. University of Washington, Seattle.

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Grey's Anatomy Online popular

Text and illustrations from the famous Anatomy Textbook

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2001 Biomechanics of the Wrist and Hand

These (physio) lab problems are designed to help students review hand anatomy, to relate their existing knowledge to functional considerations, and to introduce new material.
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center Department of Rehabilitation Sciences 2001

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2010 Longitudinal shapes of the tibia and femur are unrelated and variable CORR Open Access

In general practice, short films of the knee are used to assess component position and define the entry point for intramedullary femoral alignment in TKAs; however, whether it is justified to use the short film commonly used in research settings and everyday practice as a substitute for the whole leg view is controversial and needs clarification. In 138 long leg CT scanograms we measured the angle formed by the anatomic axis of the proximal fourth of the tibia and the mechanical axis of the tibia, the angle formed by the anatomic axis of the distal fourth of the femur and the mechanical axis of the femur, the “bow” of the tibia (as reflected by the offset of the anatomic axis from the center of the talus), and the “bow” of the femur (as reflected by the offset of the anatomic axis from the center of the femoral head). Because the angle formed by these axes and the bow of the tibia and femur have wide variability in females and males, a short film of the knee should not be used in place of the whole leg view when accurate assessment of component position and limb alignment is essential. A previous study of normal limbs found that only 2% of subjects have a neutral hip-knee-ankle axis, which can be explained by the wide variability of the bow in the tibia and femur and the lack of correlation between the bow of the tibia and femur in a given limb as shown in the current study.
Longitudinal shapes of the tibia and femur are unrelated and variable. Howell SM, Kuznik K, Hull ML, Siston RA. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2010 Apr;468(4):1142-8 (full text)

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Anatomy Atlas Orthoteers

Major teaching resource with anatomical drawings by Dr A.S.Aster.Requires registration for access to full text.

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Flexor Tendon Anatomy eMedicine Orthopedics

In addition to having technical expertise, experienced hand surgeons must have precise knowledge of flexor tendon anatomy to guide appropriate treatment of injuries to the flexor tendon system. The flexor tendon system consists of the flexor muscles in the volar compartment of the forearm, their tendinous extensions, and a specialized synovial lining.
Synonyms and related keywords: flexor tendon system, flexor pulley system, flexor sheath, retinacular sheath, trigger finger, stenosing tenosynovitis
Bates, Laurencin & Chang 2007

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Hand Anatomy eMedicine Plastics

The anatomy of the hand is complex, intricate, and fascinating. Its integrity is absolutely essential for our everyday functional living. Our hands may be affected by many disorders, most commonly traumatic injury. For any physician or therapist treating hand problems, the mastery of such anatomy is fundamental in order to provide the best quality of care.
Synonyms and related keywords: hand innervation, hand bones, hand structure, hand anatomy, DIP joint, PIP joint, MCP joint, MCP, PIP, DIP, hand muscles, hand musculature, distal interphalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, metacarpophalangeal, finger joint, wrist joint, thumb joint, thenal complex, anatomy of the hand, bones of the hand, fascia of the hand, hand fascia, hand nerves, nerves of the hand, blood supply of the hand, hand blood supply, hand artery, hand vein
Marrero et al 2007

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Levator Scapulae

Shrugging the shoulders (scapula elevation) requires the use of levator scapulae and Trapezius. Fixation of the scapula by other muscles, allows the levator scapulae muscles to work together to aid cervical extension, or independently to laterally flex (side bend) the neck towards the side of the working muscle.

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Lower Extremity Muscle Atlas

University of Washington, Depts of Radiology and Orthopaedics

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Muscle Charts of the Human Body

The Hosford Muscle Tables: Skeletal Muscles of the Human Body
This web site is an index containing detailed information about the skeletal muscles of the human body. Included is each muscle's origin, insertion, action, blood supply and innervation.

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Muscles of the Human Body

Index to a group of pages each showing the anatomy (myology) of a specific muscle. This includes an illustration, origin and insertion, nerve supply (but not spinal innervation), action, uses and exercises for the muscle.

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OrthoBullets Anatomy Section

OrthoBullets topics in anatomy are displayed in the left hand panel. The initial topic is Brachial Plexus

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Peroneus Longus Myology

Peroneus Longus is one of the peroneal muscles which pass down the outside of the lower leg and evert (turn out) the foot. These muscles are sometimes referred to as fibularis longus and brevis due to their attchments on the fibula.

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The Elbow and Radioulnar Joint

Anatomy of the elbow and radio-ulnar joint

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Trapezius Myology

When all parts of the muscle work together they have the effect of simultaneously elevating and retracting the scapula. The Trapezius is used most commonly to fix the scapula to allow the Deltoid to move the Humerus.

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Editors

  • Chris Oliver